By: Kaley James
Statistics Canada just recently updated their numbers and they show the truth of the situation. Females that work full time in Canada are continuing to earn 74.2 cents to every dollar that a full-time male makes. Tavia Grant of the Globe and Mail’s analysis reveals, “the pay gap exists in every province and in every major occupational group.”
This is interesting because even though over the last 20 years education levels of women have risen to pass that of men the annual wage gap still persists. “It’s disappointing because the government’s overall focus on gender equality and inclusive growth would lead you to believe that this would be an area of priority,” said Lauren Ravon, Ottawa-based director of policy and campaigns for Oxfam.
So, why are women earning so much less? Women are more likely to work part-time because they are taking on child or elderly care more in their lifetime. They also tend to have more ‘work interruptions’ where they are off work in their careers. Discrimination or unconscious bias also comes into play where “men and women are doing exactly the same job, but women are just valued lower,” says Prof. Sarah Kaplan, director of the Institute for Gender and the Economy at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management. A good example of this is among lawyers, where a male partner is paid more than a female partner.
Even though Canada has a self-proclaimed feminist as a Prime Minister, gender equality is still not seen in Canadian work places. The gender wage inequality in Canada is larger than the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s average. Canada is ranked 7th most unequal for gender wages out of 34 industrialized countries. We were also ranked 35th out of all developed countries in the world by the World Economic Forum’s global gender gap rankings, down from 19th place in 2015. To be a country that prides it self on inclusiveness and equality and to be ranked so poorly in these areas is nothing but outrageous.
Awareness is key to the pursuit of understanding and eventually overcoming this issue. As people start in the workforce they need to be aware of the situation. However, financial statements are not public, which makes the battle harder to fight. For now what we can do is make our voices loud, spread the information, and decide to make someone listen.
For more facts see this link: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/gender-pay-gap-a-persistent-issue-in-canada/article34210790/